DIABETES MELLITUS (MADHUMEHA)
Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder of carbohydrate metabolism, where sugar in the body does not get oxidized to produce energy resulting into high blood glucose. This happens due to the lack of pancreatic hormone called insulin. The accumulated sugar then appears in blood and later in urine too. Diabetes can also start in childhood and such diabetes is usually more severe than which starts in middle or old age. There are basically three types of diabetes, described as follows:
Type 1 – This type of diabetes is auto-immune disease, where insulin producing beta cells are destroyed in the pancreas by the immune system of the body. This type of diabetes often affects the people before the 40th year. It is also known as juvenile diabetes as it affects teenagers or people in early adulthood.
Type 2 – This is the most common type of diabetes and is also known as late-onset of diabetes. It is caused by the insulin resistance or relative insulin deficiency. It is mainly a genetic disease, but other factors such as excess weight and high blood pressure can increase the risk.
Gestational Diabetes – This type of diabetes is found in some cases of pregnant women, where the carbohydrate intolerance may return to normal after birth.
Some of the typical symptoms of blood sugar include polyuria – frequent urination, high level of thirst and hunger. The following are other symptoms of diabetes:
- Loss of weight
- Reduced body strength
- Increase in urine output and sugar passed through urine
- Difficulty in healing the injury sustained
Diabetes generally runs in family and also affects people with defective diet practices. Diabetes mellitus is a disease where sugar gets accumulated in the blood as it is not transferred to the cells from blood due to decreased level of secretion of insulin from the pancreas. The onset of diabetes is a gradual process. Other than hereditary following are some of the risk factors for this disease:
- Diet rich in carbohydrates and fat
- Sedentary lifestyle
- High blood pressure
- Age – people over 40 years of age are at higher risk
Certain plants and herbs that have been linked to reducing blood sugar include fenugreek, cinnamon, ginger, grape seeds, bitter melon and aloe vera. 200 to 500mg of vitamin C consumed on daily basis can help to bring sugar level under control. You can take up to 30mg of fenugreek with every meal but do not continue if you feel the side effects of fenugreek such as gas and diarrhea, ½ teaspoon of cinnamon taken everyday day can help in maintaining insulin level in the body.
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I had diabetes and my dilemma was that I am a connoisseur of sweet food. I not only love making sweets I also like eating them, but with the onset of diabetes I had to completely cut myself off sweets. It was disappointing but not for long, as Dr. Ritu's treatment got my blood sugar under control. Now even though in small amount I can at least eat chocolates and other sweets.
My blood sugar was out of control and the more I worried the worse it got. I am thankful to the Family Care Clinic and its doctors that helped in controlling my diabetes.
Both my parents had diabetes and I knew I was going to inherit this disease from them sooner or later. I finally had it at the age of 45, I know how serious this disease is and so I wanted to keep it under control. With the help of treatment from Family Care Clinic and Dr. Ritu Bharadwaj five years back, my sugar level is steady ever since.